The question of choosing a camera is the first that arises for anyone wishing to get into the big world of photography. Since the very beginning of the blog, it’s probably THE question that most returns in the mail I receive.
This article is an update of the first blog article, published in June 2010 (on my old blog which is dead now) – it was still valid but lacked the presence of hybrids, and some very useful tips. So I decided to keep what was good, by supplementing and enriching.
I decided that this should be my first post for the new blog so my readers can get a general idea of my set up and some related useful tips to begin with. If you find them helpful then, this article is for you.
The first feature to consider when choosing a digital camera is the resolution, which translates into millions of pixels. The pixel is the restoration unit of light points. The more pixels, the more detail, is well rendered, and the photo can be enlarged and can be considered by definition good. Anything above 8 megapixels, can get you great photo prints.
Beware, however: Contrary to popular belief, high pixel count does not necessarily mean good quality. In fact, each pixel of an image corresponds to the electrical signal sent by a small photoelectric sensor ( “photosite” conversion the light into an electrical signal). 10Mpix a device will have a sensor with 10 million photosites. Thus, the higher the camera’s sensor, the smaller the photosites will be. (100 people in a concert hall; and 20 in a small studio will be the same). The reference sensor size (the largest) is the size “full-frame” defined by the scale of the films used in film cameras: 24x36mm. Then come to the said sensors “APS-C” for most SLR cameras; Finally, much smaller, there are sensors of compact digital cameras.
So as you can see in the diagram, the sensors of compact cameras are much smaller, compact 12Mpix will have poorer picture quality than APS-C DSLR and full 12Mpix format also. Because of these, the photosites are older.
Digital cameras usually have all optical zoom that allows adjusting the sharpness of the photographed subject, to enlarge or decrease without loss. Its power can vary from simple to triple from one device to another. Depending on needs, a removable zoom can be added on some devices (on reflex and hybrid only).
There is the optical zoom to an actual magnification of the shooting, the digital zoom is limited in reality to cropping.
Memory & Write Speed
Photos from a digital camera are stored in the internal memory of the low-capacity unit. As an external memory card is required to take more pictures and higher quality (HD clicks weigh heavier). With a 2GB memory card, you can store up to 600 photos in low resolution. Capacity can now be risen up to 32GB. When you invest in memory cards, be sure to consider the write speed. For devices with high pixel count, better to have a high writing speed (100x or more) to ensure that during burst shooting, writing images to the card will follow the cadence photography!
If you choose the battery-operated camera, opt for rechargeable batteries. The ideal is the battery-operated camera and takes a second never to find yourself stranded. All these features are shown on the product pages of each camera. We advise you to read them carefully before making your choice to see if the specifications, suitable for the use you want to make your camera. You can read some great resource like this one – https://reviewsbyexpert.com/best-vlogging-cameras/ which provides in-depth guide over how to choose a perfect vlogging camera for your need.
THE TYPES OF CAMERAS
This are the smallest digital cameras, they’re designed to carry anywhere without being noticed, the compact camera is for the amateur photographer who likes to take pictures of the moment without complicated settings. Lightweight, compact, it is the ideal accessory for travel, concerts, parties and family meals. For small and for big occasions, the Compact is the one. We like ultra compact version: a real pocket jewel!
Why Bridge? Because as the name suggests, it is the bridge between the Compact for its ergonomic side and Reflex for the accuracy of manual settings. If you were accustomed to imposing case of a film camera, you will love the lightness of the Bridge.
Like the Compact, viewing is via a digital screen at the back of the unit. The Bridge usually has an integrated powerful zoom: up to X18.
Convenient, compact, Bridge has further technical capabilities that appeal to serious photographers and aesthetes who enjoy taking beautiful pictures with ease.
Hybrids have entered the market recently (2011). They are caught between compact and SLR. In general the box to the size of a compact, the sensor has an intermediate size between the sensors compact and SLR, thus improved quality. Hybrids typically come with a lens said “pancake” (because of its shape), but it is possible to change lenses. Finally, hybrids are kind of “mini-SLR” having a good quality photo with a smaller footprint.
This is the camera for photography lovers; rather it is intended for experts and informed public. With its many features, the Reflex allows you to take pictures with a professional look. It has many automated functions, but its use is rather dedicated to manual settings, for greater accuracy.
The SLR camera can accommodate various objectives for each situation: group photos, nature, landscapes, panoramic views, macro, sporting events, etc.
SLRs are equipped with options and features that allow a real comfort for the photographer. Optical viewfinder, burst mode, set the automatic point stabilizer. With its possibilities will appeal to connoisseurs.
Camera I currently use: Canon 70D is the one I use as my primary camera right now. (Updated: August, 2016)